Alexander Ross, whose day by day reports in 1824 look during this magazine, did provider in lots of elements of the outdated Oregon nation. As a member of the Pacific Fur corporation he arrived at the Columbia in March, 1811, and assisted within the development of citadel Astoria, and within the fall of an analogous yr assisted within the development of the 1st fortress Okanogan., at which submit he used to be stationed for a number of years; from there he made journeys south to the Yakima kingdom, west to the summit of the Cascades, north to Thompson river and past, and east to the Spokane state. Later, whereas employees clerk of the Northwest corporation at castle George, he ascended the Willamette, and in 1818 assisted Donald McKenzie within the development of fortress Nez Perce on the mouth of the Walla Walla river, of which fortress he was once dependable till 1823. That summer time he began to pass the mountains and give up the provider, the Hudson's Bay corporation having succeeded the Northwest corporation, yet was once stopped at Boat Encampment through a letter from Deputy Governor George Simpson, asking him to take cost of the Snake kingdom day trip that fall. This appointment he accredited and lower back to Spokane apartment and thence proceeded to the Flathead publish in what's now Montana, the place this magazine starts off. strolling back from this day trip he spent the wintry weather on the Flathead put up and in April, 1825, joined Governor Simpson on the mouth of the Spokane river at the method east to the pink River settlements, the place he resided till his dying in 1856.
Mr. Ross is likely one of the 4 writers upon whom we rely for far that's recognized concerning the early exploration of and fur alternate during this colossal Columbia river basin. In 1849, greater than 20 years after his energetic stories right here, he released a e-book entitled "Adventures of the 1st Settlers at the Oregon or Columbia River," and in 1855 he placed out one other publication entitled, "Fur Hunters of the a ways West." it truly is similar that Mr. Ross first left his paternal domestic in Scotland in 1804, from which it can be expected that he was once greater than sixty years of age while finishing those books, which, from their context, obviously have been dependent upon a few magazine or memoranda then to hand. there was and doubtless consistently can be a query as to how heavily he such a unique memoranda and what sort of he drew from reminiscence. The booklet of this magazine is as a result important to the level that it assists in answering that question, and it may be learn in rapid comparability with the 1st one hundred sixty pages of Vol. II. of "Fur Hunters of the a long way West," Smith, Elder & Co., London, 1855. it can be famous additionally that the preface of Mr. Ross' first ebook used to be dated in 1846 and that pages 154-5 of Vol. II. of his "Fur Hunters," incorporates a footnote suggesting that at the least part of it have been written a lot earlier.
Referring to the magazine itself will probably be chanced on that from Eddy, in Montana, Mr. Ross' occasion very heavily the current- direction of the Northern Pacific Railway so far as Missoula, that's on the mouth of Hell Gate Gate Canyon and River (Porte d'Infer, because the French half-breeds first named it) ; thence he proceeded south up the sour Root Valley, alongside the move that is the unique Clark's Fork of the Columbia named via Captain Lewis while at its resource in 1805. On a small mountain prairie of the easterly fork of this circulate he used to be snowbound for a month, and that prairie has very thoroughly been recognized ever for the reason that as Ross' gap. eventually he succeeded in forcing a manner around the continental divide by means of what's referred to now because the Gibbon cross (but which Olin D. Wheeler rightly says could be referred to as Clark's Pass), over to important gap Prairie, the place a monument now stands commemorating the conflict among normal Gibbon and leader Joseph in the course of that memorable Nez Perce retreat in 1877.
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Journal of Alexander Ross ~ Snake Country Expedition, 1824